ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC DE NARBONNE


ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC DE NARBONNE
ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC DE NARBONNE

ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC DE NARBONNE (1110 env.-1179)

Talmudiste et chef spirituel de la communauté de Provence, Abraham ben Isaac de Narbonne est l’auteur du Sefer Eshkol , son ouvrage le plus célèbre, qui est le premier code de juridiction religieuse écrit dans le sud de la France. Président du tribunal de Narbonne, Abraham jouissait d’une autorité juridique incontestable auprès de ses contemporains; son disciple le plus connu fut Abraham ben David de Posquières, son gendre. Il joua un rôle important dans la transmission des traditions des communautés espagnoles en direction de la France et des écoles du nord de la Loire. Tout en soulignant l’importance des communautés du Midi et en sauvegardant leurs lois et leurs coutumes, il recueillit également les traditions des écoles du Nord. Nombre de ses Réponses ont été conservées et publiées (S. Assaf, Sifran Sehl Rishonim , Jérusalem, 1935; Y. Kafah, Jérusalem, 1962). Ses commentaires sur le Talmud sont fréquemment cités par des auteurs postérieurs (Nahmanide, Salomon ben Adret), mais seul son commentaire sur Baba Batra est conservé (en manuscrit, publié partiellement dans Ozar Hayyim , 12, 1936).

Encyclopédie Universelle. 2012.

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  • Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne — (c. 1110 ndash; 1179) was a Provençal rabbi, also known as Raavad II, and author of the halachic work Ha Eshkol ( The Cluster ).Abraham ben Isaac was probably born at Montpellier. His teacher was Moses ben Joseph ben Merwan ha Levi, and during… …   Wikipedia

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  • Abraham ben Isaac de Narbonne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rabad …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne (Ravad II) — (1110 79)     French talmudist. He was the spiritual leader of the Jews in Provence. He produced the first code of Jewish law in southern France, Ha Eshkol …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • TAMAKH, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI — (d. 1393), Spanish paytan, talmudist, and philosopher; d rabbi of Gerona. Abraham may have come from Provence, although according to some he originated from Barcelona. Abraham with other scholars was requested by Pedro IV of Aragon to decide on… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Abraham Ben-David of Posquières (Rabad II) — (c. 1125–98)    French talmudist. 12 century Provence, which had flourishing Jewish communities in Narbonne, Béziers, Marseilles, Lunel and Montpel lier, was the centre of a Jewish renaissance. Chief among the talmudic scholars known to later… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

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